达人彩票导航

更新:2019-06-03    点击:7045达人彩票导航    

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大型网站架构演化历程

DAODU:JINGCHANGYOUYONGHUZIXUNYOUYUSHUJULIANGDEZENGJIA,DANGQIANFUWUQIWUFAZHICHENG,XUYAOMAISHENMEYANGPEIZHIDEFUWUQIDEWENTI,ZHEISHEJIWANGZHANJIAGOUDEGUIHUA,BINGBUSHIJIANDANJIDANGEFUWUQIZENGJIAYINGJIANPEIZHI。

 

TUIJIANYUEDUYIXIAWENZHANGLAIXIANGXILEJIEWANGZHANJIAGOUYANHUALICHENG:

 

大型网站架构演化发展历程

ZUOZHE:

DAXINGWANGZHANDEJISHUTIAOZHANZHUYAOLAIZIYUPANGDADEYONGHU,GAOBINGFADEFANGWENHEHAILIANGDESHUJU,RENHEJIANDANDEYEWUYIDANXUYAOCHULISHUYI P JIDESHUJUHEMIANDUISHUYIYIJIDEYONGHU,WENTIJIUHUIBIANDEHENJISHOU。DAXINGWANGZHANJIAGOUZHUYAOJIEJUEZHEILEIWENTI。

初始阶段的网站架构

DAXINGWANGZHANDOUSHICONGXIAOXINGWANGZHANFAZHANERLAI,WANGZHANJIAGOUYESHIYIYANG,SHICONGXIAOXINGWANGZHANJIAGOUZHUBUYANHUAERLAI。XIAOXINGWANGZHANZUIKAISHIMEIYOUTAIDUORENFANGWEN,ZHIXUYAOYITAIFUWUQIJIUCHUOCHUOYOUYU,ZHEISHIDEWANGZHANJIAGOURUXIATUSUOSHI:

达人彩票导航YINGYONGCHENGXU、SHUJUKU、WENJIANDENGSUOYOUZIYUANDOUZAIYITAIFUWUQISHANG。


应用服务和数据服务分离

SUIZHEWANGZHANYEWUDEFAZHAN,YITAIFUWUQIZHUJIANBUNENGMANZUXUQIU:YUELAIYUEDUODEYONGHUFANGWENDAOZHIXINGNENGYUELAIYUECHA,YUELAIYUEDUODESHUJUDAOZHICUNCHUKONGJIANBUZU。ZHEISHIJIUXUYAOJIANGYINGYONGHESHUJUFENLI。YINGYONGHESHUJUFENLIHOUZHENGGEWANGZHANSHIYONG3TAIFUWUQI:YINGYONGFUWUQI、WENJIANFUWUQIHESHUJUKUFUWUQI。ZHEI 3 TAIFUWUQIDUIYINGJIANZIYUANDEYAOQIUGEBUXIANGTONG:

YINGYONGFUWUQIXUYAOCHULIDALIANGDEYEWULUOJI,YINCIXUYAOGENGKUAIGENGQIANGDADECPU;

达人彩票导航SHUJUKUFUWUQIXUYAOKUAISUCIPANJIANSUOHESHUJUHUANCUN,YINCIXUYAOGENGKUAIDECIPANHEGENGDADENEICUN;

达人彩票导航WENJIANFUWUQIXUYAOCUNCHUDALIANGYONGHUSHANGCHUANDEWENJIAN,YINCIXUYAOGENGDADEYINGPAN。

CISHI,WANGZHANXITONGDEJIAGOURUXIATUSUOSHI:

YINGYONGHESHUJUFENLIHOU,BUTONGTEXINGDEFUWUQICHENGDANBUTONGDEFUWUJIAOSE,WANGZHANDEBINGFACHULINENGLIHESHUJUCUNCHUKONGJIANDEDAOLEHENDAGAISHAN,ZHICHIWANGZHANYEWUJINYIBUFAZHAN。DANSHISUIZHEYONGHUZHUJIANZENGDUO,WANGZHANYOUYICIMIANLINTIAOZHAN:SHUJUKUYALITAIDADAOZHIFANGWENYANCHI,JINERYINGXIANGZHENGGEWANGZHANDEXINGNENG,YONGHUTIYANSHOUDAOYINGXIANG。ZHEISHIXUYAODUIWANGZHANJIAGOUJINYIBUYOUHUA。


使用缓存改善网站性能

WANGZHANFANGWENDETEDIANHEXIANSHISHIJIEDECAIFUFENPEIYIYANGZUNXUNERBADINGLV:80% DEYEWUFANGWENJIZHONGZAI20% DESHUJUSHANG。JIRANDABUFENYEWUFANGWENJIZHONGZAIYIXIAOBUFENSHUJUSHANG,NEIMERUGUOBAZHEIYIXIAOBUFENSHUJUHUANCUNZAINEICUNZHONG,JIUKEYIJIANSHAOSHUJUKUDEFANGWENYALI,TIGAOZHENGGEWANGZHANDESHUJUFANGWENSUDU,GAISHANSHUJUKUDEXIERUXINGNENGLE。 WANGZHANSHIYONGDEHUANCUNKEYIFENWEILIANGZHONG:HUANCUNZAIYINGYONGFUWUQISHANGDEBENDIHUANCUNHEHUANCUNZAIZHUANMENDEFENBUSHIHUANCUNFUWUQISHANGDEYUANCHENGHUANCUN。

BENDIHUANCUNDEFANGWENSUDUGENGKUAIYIXIE,DANSHISHOUYINGYONGFUWUQINEICUNXIANZHI,QIHUANCUNSHUJULIANGYOUXIAN,ERQIEHUICHUXIANHEYINGYONGCHENGXUZHENGYONGNEICUNDEQINGKUANG。

YUANCHENGFENBUSHIHUANCUNKEYISHIYONGJIQUNDEFANGSHI,BUSHUDANEICUNDEFUWUQIZUOWEIZHUANMENDEHUANCUNFUWUQI,KEYIZAILILUNSHANGZUODAOBUSHOUNEICUNRONGLIANGXIANZHIDEHUANCUNFUWU。

SHIYONGHUANCUNHOU,SHUJUFANGWENYALIDEDAOYOUXIAOHUANJIE,DANSHIDANYIYINGYONGFUWUQINENGGOUCHULIDEQINGQIULIANJIEYOUXIAN,ZAIWANGZHANFANGWENGAOFENGQI,YINGYONGFUWUQICHENGWEIZHENGGEWANGZHANDEPINGJING。


使用应用服务器集群改善网站的并发处理能力

使用集群是网站解决高并发、海量数据问题的常用手段。当一台服务器的处理能力、存储空间不足时,不要企图去更换更强大的服务器,对大型网站而言,不管多么强大的服务器,都满足不了网站持续增长的业务需求。这种情况下,更恰当的做法是增加一台服务器分担原有服务器的访问及存储压力。 对网站架构而言,只要能通过增加一台服务器的方式改善负载压力,就可以以同样的方式持续增加服务器不断改善系统性能,从而实现系统的可伸缩性达人彩票导航。应用服务器实现集群是网站可伸缩架构设计中较为简单成熟的一种,如下图所示:

TONGGUOFUZAIJUNHENGDIAODUFUWUQI,KEYIJIANGLAIZIYONGHULIULANQIDEFANGWENQINGQIUFENFADAOYINGYONGFUWUQIJIQUNZHONGDERENHEYITAIFUWUQISHANG,RUGUOYOUGENGDUOYONGHU,JIUZAIJIQUNZHONGJIARUGENGDUODEYINGYONGFUWUQI,SHIYINGYONGFUWUQIDEYALIBUZAICHENGWEIZHENGGEWANGZHANDEPINGJING。


数据库读写分离

达人彩票导航WANGZHANZAISHIYONGHUANCUNHOU,SHIDUIDABUFENSHUJUDUCAOZUOFANGWENDOUKEYIBUTONGGUOSHUJUKUJIUNENGWANCHENG,DANSHIRENGYOUYIBUFENDUCAOZUO(HUANCUNFANGWENBUMINGZHONG、HUANCUNGUOQI)HEQUANBUDEXIECAOZUODOUXUYAOFANGWENSHUJUKU,ZAIWANGZHANDEYONGHUDADAOYIDINGGUIMOHOU,SHUJUKUYINWEIFUZAIYALIGUOGAOERCHENGWEIWANGZHANDEPINGJING。 MUQIANDABUFENDEZHULIUSHUJUKUDOUTIGONGZHUCONGREBEIGONGNENG,TONGGUOPEIZHILIANGTAISHUJUKUZHUCONGGUANXI,KEYIJIANGYITAISHUJUKUFUWUQIDESHUJUGENGXINTONGBUDAOLINGYITAIFUWUQISHANG。WANGZHANLIYONGSHUJUKUDEZHEIYIGONGNENG,SHIXIANSHUJUKUDUXIEFENLI,CONGERGAISHANSHUJUKUFUZAIYALI。RUXIATUSUOSHI:

YINGYONGFUWUQIZAIXIESHUJUDESHIHOU,FANGWENZHUSHUJUKU,ZHUSHUJUKUTONGGUOZHUCONGFUZHIJIZHIJIANGSHUJUGENGXINTONGBUDAOCONGSHUJUKU,ZHEIYANGDANGYINGYONGFUWUQIDUSHUJUDESHIHOU,JIUKEYITONGGUOCONGSHUJUKUHUODESHUJU。WEILEBIANYUYINGYONGCHENGXUFANGWENDUXIEFENLIHOUDESHUJUKU,TONGCHANGZAIYINGYONGFUWUQIDUANSHIYONGZHUANMENDESHUJUFANGWENMOKUAI,SHISHUJUKUDUXIEFENLIDUIYINGYONGTOUMING。


使用反向代理和 CDN 加速网站响应

达人彩票导航SUIZHEWANGZHANYEWUBUDUANFAZHAN,YONGHUGUIMOYUELAIYUEDA,YOUYUZHONGGUOFUZADEWANGLUOHUANJING,BUTONGDIQUDEYONGHUFANGWENWANGZHANSHI,SUDUCHABIEYEJIDA。YOUYANJIUBIAOMING,WANGZHANFANGWENYANCHIHEYONGHULIUSHILVZHENGXIANGGUAN,WANGZHANFANGWENYUEMAN,YONGHUYUERONGYISHIQUNAIXINERLIKAI。WEILETIGONGGENGHAODEYONGHUTIYAN,LIUZHUYONGHU,WANGZHANXUYAOJIASUWANGZHANFANGWENSUDU。ZHUYAOSHOUDUANYOUSHIYONG CDN HEFANGXIANGDAILI。RUXIATUSUOSHI:

达人彩票导航CDN HEFANXIANGDAILIDEJIBENYUANLIDOUSHIHUANCUN。

CDN BUSHUZAIWANGLUOTIGONGSHANGDEJIFANG,SHIYONGHUZAIQINGQIUWANGZHANFUWUSHI,KEYICONGJULIZIJIZUIJINDEWANGLUOTIGONGSHANGJIFANGHUOQUSHUJU

达人彩票导航FANXIANGDAILIZEBUSHUZAIWANGZHANDEZHONGXINJIFANG,DANGYONGHUQINGQIUDAODAZHONGXINJIFANGHOU,SHOUXIANFANGWENDEFUWUQISHIFANXIANGDAILIFUWUQI,RUGUOFANXIANGDAILIFUWUQIZHONGHUANCUNZHEYONGHUQINGQIUDEZIYUAN,JIUJIANGQIZHIJIEFANHUIJIYONGHU

SHIYONG CDN HEFANXIANGDAILIDEMUDEDOUSHIJINZAOFANHUISHUJUJIYONGHU,YIFANGMIANJIAKUAIYONGHUFANGWENSUDU,LINGYIFANGMIANYEJIANQINGHOUDUANFUWUQIDEFUZAIYALI。


使用分布式文件系统和分布式数据库系统

RENHEQIANGDADEDANYIFUWUQIDOUMANZUBULEDAXINGWANGZHANCHIXUZENGZHANGDEYEWUXUQIU。SHUJUKUJINGGUODUXIEFENLIHOU,CONGYITAIFUWUQICHAIFENCHENGLIANGTAIFUWUQI,DANSHISUIZHEWANGZHANYEWUDEFAZHANYIRANBUNENGMANZUXUQIU,ZHEISHIXUYAOSHIYONGFENBUSHISHUJUKU。WENJIANXITONGYEYIYANG,XUYAOSHIYONGFENBUSHIWENJIANXITONG。RUXIATUSUOSHI:

FENBUSHISHUJUKUSHIWANGZHANSHUJUKUCHAIFENDEZUIHOUSHOUDUAN,ZHIYOUZAIDANBIAOSHUJUGUIMOFEICHANGPANGDADESHIHOUCAISHIYONG。BUDAOBUDEYISHI,WANGZHANGENGCHANGYONGDESHUJUKUCHAIFENSHOUDUANSHIYEWUFENKU,JIANGBUTONGYEWUDESHUJUBUSHUZAIBUTONGDEWULIFUWUQISHANG。


使用 NoSQL 和搜索引擎

SUIZHEWANGZHANYEWUYUELAIYUEFUZA,DUISHUJUCUNCHUHEJIANSUODEXUQIUYEYUELAIYUEFUZA,WANGZHANXUYAOCAIYONGYIXIEFEIGUANXISHUJUKUJISHURU NoSQL HEFEISHUJUKUCHAXUNJISHURUSOUSUOYINQING。RUXIATUSUOSHI:

NoSQL HESOUSUOYINQINGDOUSHIYUANZIHULIANWANGDEJISHUSHOUDUAN,DUIKESHENSUODEFENBUSHITEXINGJUYOUGENGHAODEZHICHI。YINGYONGFUWUQIZETONGGUOYIGETONGYISHUJUFANGWENMOKUAIFANGWENGEZHONGSHUJU,JIANQINGYINGYONGCHENGXUGUANLIZHUDUOSHUJUYUANDEMAFAN。


业务拆分

达人彩票导航DAXINGWANGZHANWEILEYINGDUIRIYIFUZADEYEWUCHANGJING,TONGGUOSHIYONGFENERZHIZHIDESHOUDUANJIANGZHENGGEWANGZHANYEWUFENCHENGBUTONGDECHANPINXIAN。RUDAXINGGOUWUJIAOYIWANGZHANDOUHUIJIANGDARENCAIPIAODAOHANG、SHANGPU、DINGDAN、MAIJIA、MAIJIADENGCHAIFENCHENGBUTONGDECHANPINXIAN,FENGUIBUTONGDEYEWUTUANDUIFUZE。

JUTIDAOJISHUSHANG,YEHUIGENJUCHANPINXIANHUAFEN,JIANGYIGEWANGZHANCHAIFENCHENGXUDUOBUTONGDEYINGYONG,MEIGEYINGYONGDULIBUSHU。YINGYONGZHIJIANKEYITONGGUOYIGECHAOLIANJIEJIANLIGUANXI(ZAIDARENCAIPIAODAOHANGSHANGDEDAOHANGLIANJIEMEIGEDOUZHIXIANGBUTONGDEYINGYONGDIZHI),YEKEYITONGGUOXIAOXIDUILIEJINXINGSHUJUFENFA,DANGRANZUIDUODEHAISHITONGGUOFANGWENTONGYIGESHUJUCUNCHUXITONGLAIGOUCHENGYIGEGUANLIANDEWANZHENGXITONG,RUXIATUSUOSHI:


分布式服务

达人彩票导航SUIZHEYEWUCHAIFENYUELAIYUEXIAO,CUNCHUXITONGYUELAIYUEPANGDA,YINGYONGXITONGDEZHENGTIFUZADUCHENGZHISHUJIZENGJIA,BUSHUWEIHUYUELAIYUEKUNNAN。YOUYUSUOYOUYINGYONGYAOHESUOYOUSHUJUKUXITONGLIANJIE,ZAISHUWANTAIFUWUQIGUIMODEWANGZHANZHONG,ZHEIXIELIANJIEDESHUMUSHIFUWUQIGUIMODEPINGFANG,DAOZHISHUJUKULIANJIEZIYUANBUZU,JUJUEFUWU。

JIRANMEIYIGEYINGYONGXITONGDOUXUYAOZHIXINGXUDUOXIANGTONGDEYEWUCAOZUO,BIRUYONGHUGUANLI、SHANGPINGUANLIDENG,NEIMEKEYIJIANGZHEIXIEGONGYONGDEYEWUTIQUCHULAI,DULIBUSHU。YOUZHEIXIEKEFUYONGDEYEWULIANJIESHUJUKU,TIGONGGONGYONGYEWUFUWU,ERYINGYONGXITONGZHIXUYAOGUANLIYONGHUJIEMIAN,TONGGUOFENBUSHIFUWUDIAOYONGGONGYONGYEWUFUWUWANCHENGJUTIYEWUCAOZUO。RUXIATUSUOSHI:

DAXINGWANGZHANDEJIAGOUYANHUADAOZHEILI,JIBENSHANGDADUOSHUDEJISHUWENTIDOUDEYIJIEJUE,ZHURUKUASHUJUZHONGXINDESHISHISHUJUTONGBUHEJUTIWANGZHANYEWUXIANGGUANDEWENTIYEDOUKEYITONGGUOZUHEGAIJINXIANYOUJISHUJIAGOUJIEJUE。


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